Well, that's the point. Bravo Networks, USA. Mencken said of nuns in cloisters, that they have developed their own slang amusing but of course genteel can, on the whole, be said of lesbians. It was not until eleven years later that the phrase heterosexual was invented, normalsexual being its first opposite. A Critical Review of the Literature". Studies have repeatedly confirmed that male American English speakers are recognized as gay by their speech at rates above chance.
These stylistic innovations are made possible by the iterability of speech, and are used to index elements of identity that often do not conform with the gender binary.
Others include social stereotypes, ideal cases, paragons, generators, and submodels. However, no direct correlations between these phonetic variables and sexual orientation were found, perhaps with listeners identifying other features that were not tested. Don Kulick argues that the search for a link between sexual identity categories and language is misplaced, since studies have failed to show that the language gay men and lesbians use is unique.
A study noted that, after undergoing five oral resonance sessions targeted at lip spreading and forward tongue carriage, ten transfeminine individuals demonstrated a general increase in the formant frequency values F1, F2, and F3 as well as the fundamental frequency value F0, [ clarification needed ] thus more closely approximating the desired vocal frequency of cisgender women.